28th july: World Hepatitis day

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World Hepatitis day 2020: Awareness key to prevent liver disease; B and C variants most common causes of death

World Hepatitis Day is observed every year on 28 July to increase awareness of viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver that causes a number of health ailments including liver cancer.

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), there are five main strains of the hepatitis virus — A, B, C, D and E. Together, hepatitis B and C are the most common cause of death.

The health organisation says that 325 million people are living with viral hepatitis B and C. Every year 9 lakh deaths are caused by hepatitis B virus infection.

The theme for World Hepatitis Day 2020 is ‘Hepatitis-free future’. The main focus is on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and newborns. The date 28 July was chosen to observe the day as it is the birthday of Nobel-prize winning scientist Dr Baruch Blumberg who discovered hepatitis B virus (HBV). Blumberg also developed a diagnostic test and vaccine for the virus.

According to a report by Hindustan Times, symptoms of hepatitis are hard to detect people may not show as any signs or can also be confused with the common flu. If a person sees signs of fatigue, muscle pain, fever, loss of appetite, light-coloured stools, nausea and vomiting, then he/she should see a doctor at the earliest.

Treatment at the right time can prevent the person from liver cirrhosis or scarring which may lead to liver cancer.

There is no vaccination for hepatitis apart from hepatitis A and B. Other strains of this disease can be prevented by taking precautions including avoiding consumption of raw food, unfiltered water.

A person should also not share his/her toothbrushes, razors or any hygiene-related products with others. Also, it is advised to use condoms and dental dams for safe sex.

The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare tweeted a video describing the probable causes of hepatitis and how a person can prevent himself/herself from it.

28th july: European Forest Fire Awareness Day

The Curraggia fire (1983)
The Curraggia fire (1983)

The Curraggia fire was a catastrophe that occurred on July 28, 1983 on the hill of the same name located southwest of the city of Tempio Pausania (Sardinia) and in the neighboring municipalities of Aggius and Bortigiadas.

The huge fire caused 9 deaths and 15 injuries among people trying to put it out. Among the various hypotheses on the causes that triggered the flames, the work of the arsonists is a certainty. The causes were the high summer temperatures of those days and the wind that blew impetuously.

The flames started from the sea, made their way through roads, woods and shrubs in the direction of Tempio Pausania up to the countryside of Bortigiadas and Aggius and then spread on the Curraggia hill, for a total of over 18,000 thousand hectares of land smoke.

On 28 July 2007, the anniversary of the tragedy, the date of the fire was declared European day of awareness against forest fires, by the European regions partners of the Interreg III C OCR Incendi Project, in memory of all the victims who fell in the fight against fire.