U N I T E D N A T I O N S – N A T I O N S U N I E S
WRITTEN MESSAGE ON WORLD TSUNAMI AWARENESS DAY
5 November 2021
On the occasion of World Tsunami Awareness Day, we call on countries, international organizations and society itself to become more aware of this threat and to share new approaches to reduce its risks. We can improve thanks to the results obtained, ranging from greater awareness of the communities exposed to this phenomenon, to the inclusion of the United Nations Tsunami program in the Decade of ocean sciences for sustainable development. Despite this, the risks remain immeasurable. The rise in sea levels caused by the climate emergency will aggravate the destructive power of tsunamis. In fact, we must limit warming to 1.5 degrees on pre-industrial averages by investing in the resilience of coastal communities. Scientific and international cooperation, as well as readiness and timely action, must be the basis for saving lives from tsunamis and other dangers. Increasing support for developing countries along with improving early detection is essential. In the face of complex global crises, we need to be better prepared. We work together to decrease the risk of tsunamis, drawing inspiration from the Sendai framework for risk reduction, creating together the capacity to resist these disasters.
Guy Fawkes Night, also known as Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night and Fireworks Night, is an annual commemoration observed on 5 November, primarily in the United Kingdom. Its history begins with the events of 5 November 1605 O.S., when Guy Fawkes, a member of the Gunpowder Plot, was arrested while guarding explosives the plotters had placed beneath the House of Lords. Celebrating the fact that King James I had survived the attempt on his life, people lit bonfires around London; and months later, the introduction of the Observance of 5th November Act enforced an annual public day of thanksgiving for the plot’s failure.
Within a few decades Gunpowder Treason Day, as it was known, became the predominant English state commemoration, but as it carried strong Protestant religious overtones it also became a focus for anti-Catholic sentiment. Puritans delivered sermons regarding the perceived dangers of popery, while during increasingly raucous celebrations common folk burnt effigies of popular hate-figures, such as the Pope. Towards the end of the 18th century reports appear of children begging for money with effigies of Guy Fawkes and 5 November gradually became known as Guy Fawkes Day, even though Fawkes was not the leading figure in the conspiracy (who was Robert Catesby). Towns such as Lewes and Guildford were in the 19th century scenes of increasingly violent class-based confrontations, fostering traditions those towns celebrate still, albeit peaceably. In the 1850s changing attitudes resulted in the toning down of much of the day’s anti-Catholic rhetoric, and the Observance of 5th November Act was repealed in 1859. Eventually the violence was dealt with, and by the 20th century Guy Fawkes Day had become an enjoyable social commemoration, although lacking much of its original focus. The present-day Guy Fawkes Night is usually celebrated at large organised events, centred on a bonfire and extravagant firework displays.
Settlers exported Guy Fawkes Night to overseas colonies, including some in North America, where it was known as Pope Day. Those festivities died out with the onset of the American Revolution. Claims that Guy Fawkes Night was a Protestant replacement for older customs such as Samhain are disputed as England had no contemporary history of bonfires compared to North Wales and Scotland.
Crescent Bay, Sitka Time for one last Fun Photo Friday look at lovely Sitka before we head off to our next destination aboard Ovation of the Seas during the off-season in Alaska. All the photos in this week’s series were taken on one visit during our back-to-back cruises, as Sitka was dropped for Voyage 2 […]
My initial response to a Roseate Spoonbill coming into the marsh is for a closeup shot. So glad I didn’t try that here. Spoonbill, Last Minute DetourThe fall reeds and grasses made for a great back drop. Spoonbill, Last Minute DetourAlso, the young bird was getting old enough to have the trademark ‘pink’. Spoonbill, Last…