Maron, also called Maroun or Maro (Syriac: ܡܪܘܢ, Mārūn; Arabic: مارون; Latin: Maron; Greek: Μάρων), was a 4th-century Syrian Syriac Christian hermit monk in the Taurus Mountains whose followers, after his death, founded a religious Christian movement that became known as the Syriac Maronite Church, in full communion with the Holy See and the Catholic Church. The religious community which grew from this movement are the modern Maronites.
Saint Maron is often portrayed in a black monastic habit with a hanging stole, accompanied by a long crosier staffed by a globe surmounted with a cross. His feast day in the Maronite Church is February 9.
Despite the popularity of Marone, there is no precise and in-depth information on his life. Born in the middle of the 4th century in Syria, he was a priest who became a hermit by retreating to a Taurus mountain in the Cirro region, near Antioch. Marone spent most of his life in those Syrian mountains. It is thought that the place of his abode had the name of Kefar-Nabo, and that it was located on the mountain of Ol-Yambos, for this reason the territories near the Syrian mountain are considered as the cradle of the Maronite congregation. He had settled in an old pagan temple, which he had consecrated to the true God. His ascetic lifestyle and the miracles attributed to him attracted many followers and attracted the attention of the whole empire . Around 405 John Chrysostom sent him a letter expressing his respect and devotion, asking him to pray for him. The Maronite Church Magnifying glass icon mgx2.svg Same topic in detail: Maronite Church. Marone is considered the father of the monastic-spiritual congregation that gave rise to the formation of the Maronite Church, a congregation that has a profound influence in the territories of the Middle East, especially in Lebanon. The Maronite congregation spread to Lebanon when the first disciple of Maron, Abraham of Cirro, realized that few in Lebanon practiced Christianity and used the figure of Maron as a moral example to convert them to Christianity. The followers of Marone remained to the teachings of the Catholic Church, in fact the Maronite Church is a sui iuris Church of the Catholic Church.