International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is an international event celebrated annually on September 26. Inaugurated in October 2014 with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/32, this is a day of events that are organized with the support of a variety of individuals and groups in Australia, Japan, the Caribbean, North America, Asia, Europe, Africa, and the UN (United Nations Organization). During the first day, an instructive and explanatory video was distributed by Unfold Zero, the United Nations platform, asking the global population two questions: a) How many nuclear weapons do you think there are in the world ?; b) How many instead should there be? The United Nations General Assembly declared International Day in December 2013, in Resolution A / RES / 68/32, following the General Assembly’s high-level meeting on nuclear disarmament, held on 26 September 2013. NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 26 – This year United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres wanted to launch a message on the occasion of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, at a time when the atomic threat seems to return to agitate the political scene international background to the war in Ukraine. “We reject the statement that defines nuclear disarmament as an impossible utopian dream – said Guterres forcefully – The elimination of these instruments of death is not only possible, but also absolutely necessary. In the current context, characterized by growing geopolitical division, mistrust and outright aggression, we risk forgetting the terrible lessons of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, the Cold War, and provoking a humanitarian Armageddon “.
The European Day of Languages is observed 26 September, as proclaimed by the Council of Europe on 6 December 2001, at the end of the European Year of Languages (2001), which had been jointly organised by the Council of Europe and the European Union. Its aim is to encourage language learning across Europe.
The general objectives of the European Day of Languages are to:
Alert the public to the importance of language learning, diversity and the range of languages – -learned in order to increase plurilingualism and intercultural understanding
Promote the rich linguistic and cultural diversity of Europe
Encourage lifelong language learning in and out of school
In keeping with these rules, people, young and old, are encouraged to take up a language, or to take special pride in their existing language skills. Also, those responsible for providing access to language learning are encouraged to make it easier for people to learn a range of languages, and to support policy initiatives to promote languages. There is also an emphasis on learning a language other than English.
On the occasion of the day, a range of events are organised across Europe, including those for children, television and radio programmes, language classes and conferences. The events are not organised by the Council of Europe or the European Union nor do they allocate special funding (i.e. apart from their existing language programmes) for the day. Member states and potential partners are given a free hand to organise activities. To coordinate the activities organised at the national level, the Council of Europe asks participating countries to nominate “National Relay Persons” for the day. The national relay in the UK used to be the National Centre for Languages.
Main article: Languages of Europe There are about 225 indigenous languages in Europe – roughly 3% of the world’s total. Most of the European languages are of Indo-European origin. Since the end of the 18th century, the most widespread language of Europe (both in terms of geography and the number of native speakers) has been Russian, which replaced French. Counting only native speakers, approximately 150 million Europeans speak Russian on a daily basis, followed by German (approx. 95 mil.), Turkish (approx. 80 mil.), English and French (each by 65 mil.), Italian (by 60 mil.), Spanish and Polish (40 mil. each), Ukrainian (30 mil.) and Romanian (26 mil.). As far as foreign language studies are concerned, English is currently the most popular foreign language in Europe, followed by German, French, Italian, Russian and Spanish.
Multilingualism today Main article: List of multilingual countries and regions § Europe According to the European Union survey “Europeans and their Languages” (“Special Eurobarometer 243”, February 2006), 56% of EU citizens (25 member states) speak a language other than their mother tongue, while 44% admit to not knowing any languages other than their native language. Additionally, 28% have knowledge of two foreign languages. Among EU citizens, 38% indicate that they know English, followed by 14% knowing French or German, 7% Russian, 5% Spanish and 3% Italian. The typical multilingual European is a student or someone holding a managerial position or someone born in a country where the language of his/her parents is different from the main language of the country.
With greater numbers of immigrants and refugees, European cities have become more multilingual.For example: in Moscow and Saint Petersburg many recent immigrants speak Ukrainian, Romanian, Armenian, Tatar, Azeri, Tajik, Chinese or one of many other languages; in London some 300 languages are spoken (English, French, Chinese, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Bengali, Persian, Turkish, Kurdish, Berber, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi etc.).
The European Union adheres to a policy of multilingualism, both in its institutional workings and as an aim for its citizens. At the 2002 EU summit in Barcelona, it set a target for children to learn at least two foreign languages from an early age. Multilingualism for the EU is linked to worker mobility and the European economy. The European Union spends more than €30 million a year promoting language learning and linguistic diversity through the Socrates and Leonardo da Vinci programmes, a policy that began with the pioneering Lingua programme in 1990.
I wake up, terrifying myself again Caked in makeup and a little lost These reactions are relentless Abandoning the permafrost Who am I fooling? Well, I got a list I disappoint them only to exist I lost my place in life I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When I lost my faith in you A walk-up of my masterpiece To the nothingness greeting me Everything smells like sympathy Who am I fooling? Well, I got a list Much too exhausted only to resist I lost my place in life I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When I lost my faith in you I lost all hope I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When I lost my faith in you All my friends say “Don’t give up yet Might still get there” But I don’t think so Ooh, impress me (try) Ooh, impress me (try) I lost my place in life I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When I lost my faith in you I lost all hope I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When, I lost my faith in you I lost all hope When I lost my point of view I lost what it is to love When I lost my faith in you
It’s been a while since I did a post about the lanes around me, having nowhere else to go during the lockdowns of 2020 and 2021 meant that once we were free to go wherever we wanted to I lost the incentive to explore locally, but the lanes are still there and there is always […]
The small mining town of Graham, New Mexico was founded in 1893 to mine silver and gold ore. To obtain the water required a pipeline was built up the narrow canyon, with a wooden walkway built on top for workers to be able to traverse the path. Known as the Catwalk, this was in place […]
They are also called ‘Peeps’ around here. Small, fly fast, and probably run faster. SanderlingsSanderlingsWhile all the other shore birds are flying and diving these little guys scurry around, zipping past on a mission. SanderlingsSanderlings breed in the High Arctic areas of North America, Europe and Asia. They may migrate 6,000 miles (9,700 K) from the south to…
Today was such a beautiful day here in Ohio. We decided that we wanted to head out for a sunrise paddle trip. We went upriver and around Girty’s Island and back for a total trip of about 4.5 miles. The fall colors were really beautiful along the south side of the river. The maples were […]
If asked I have to say… for floral photography I am a fan of using my Canon EF-S60mm f/2.8 Macro USM lens. I just love the softness and depth of field that the lens gives your images. Posted as part of: Jez Braithwaite’s Fan of…. Photography Challenge
The hard days are nearly over And we’ve been hangin’ on It feels like we’re getting closer To dawn We took the long way up to heaven And got blinded by the lights But as long as we’re together I know it will be alright I see a better day I see a better day for you, for you and me, a-ayy I see a better day Yeah, everything is gonna change for you and me I knew we were gonna make it I never had a doubt Soon we’ll be feeling weightless Like clouds We took the long way up to heaven And got blinded by the lights But as long as we’re together I know it will be alright I see a better day I see a better day for you, for you and me, a-ayy I see a better day Yeah, everything is gonna change for you and me