30th June (’22): International Asteroid Day

Asteroid Day (also known as International Asteroid Day) is an annual global event which is held on the anniversary of the Tunguska event in 1908, when an asteroid leveled about 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi) of forest in Siberia. The United Nations has proclaimed it be observed globally on June 30 every year in its resolution. Asteroid Day aims to raise awareness about asteroids and what can be done to protect the Earth, its families, communities, and future generations from a catastrophic event.

Asteroid Day was co-founded by Stephen Hawking, filmmaker Grigorij Richters, B612 Foundation president Danica Remy, Apollo 9 astronaut Rusty Schweickart, and Brian May, Queen guitarist and astrophysicist. Over 200 astronauts, scientists, technologists and artists, including Richard Dawkins, Bill Nye, Peter Gabriel, Jim Lovell, Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, Alexei Leonov, Bill Anders, Kip Thorne, Lord Martin Rees, Chris Hadfield, Rusty Schweickart and Brian Cox co-signed the Asteroid Day declaration. Asteroid Day was officially launched on December 3, 2014. In February 2014, Brian May began working with Grigorij Richters, director of the film 51 Degrees North, the story of a fictional asteroid impact on London and the human condition resulting from such an event. May composed the music for the film. After screening the film at the 2014 Starmus Festival, Remy, Schweickart, Richters and May co-founded Asteroid Day in October 2014 which they officially announced during a press conference with Lord Martin Rees, Rusty Schweickart, Ed Lu, Thomas Jones, Ryan Watt and Bill Nye. The event was live streamed from the Science Museum in London, the California Academy of Sciences, New York and São Paulo. On Asteroid Day 2017, minor planet 248750 (discoverer M. Dawson) was officially named Asteroidday by the International Astronomical Union.

Asteroid Day declaration
The workgroup of Asteroid Day created a declaration known as the “100X Declaration”, which appeals to all scientists and technologists who support the idea of saving the earth from asteroids. Today, the 100X Declaration has been signed by more than 22,000 private citizens,[clarification needed] including those who are not specialists.

Radar images and a computer model of an asteroid
Although more than 1,000,000 asteroids have the potential to strike the Earth, only about one percent have been discovered.[citation needed] The 100X Declaration calls for increasing the asteroid discovery rate to 100,000 (or 100x) per year within the next 10 years. It is hoped that this will bolster efforts for addressing potential strikes.

Mandatory photovoltaic panels, and 100% energy independent houses. The decision for the future of Europe

The European Commission is pushing to decrease the dependence of Member States on fossil fuels, not only for mobility, but also and and for the energy used above all by buildings. The new plan launched, RePowerEU, which also contains interesting news regarding solar energy, goes in this direction.

As stated in the full text published, with the intention of reducing the use of Russian gas, new regulations will come regarding solar panels (photovoltaic and thermal) on the roofs of buildings of all kinds. In detail, the installation of solar energy systems will be mandatory in the following cases:

all new public or commercial buildings, with a usable area of ​​more than 250 m2, by 2026
all existing public or commercial buildings, with a usable area of ​​more than 250 m2, by 2027
all new residential buildings, enters 2029
RePower EU

It is also mentioned the push and the facilitation, for those who live in multi-apartment complexes, towards self-consumption from collective systems.

All these regulations point straight towards the one probably more ambitious, and more difficult to implement, namely that starting from 2030 all new buildings, including residential ones, produce a quantity of energy, to be returned 100% independent. Production, therefore, from solar plants must be on a par with consumption.

30th May (’22): Statehood Day [Croatia]

Statehood Day (Croatian: Dan državnosti, pronounced [dan dr̩ʒaʋnosti]) is a public holiday and national day that occurs every year on 30 May in Croatia to celebrate the constitution of the first modern multi-party Croatian Parliament in 1990. As a national day and public holiday, it is a non-working day for all government employees and majority of labour force based in Croatia.

While there are no strict or established forms of celebration associated with the holiday, it is usually celebrated outdoors. The day is usually marked by family reunions, picnics, barbecues and by parades on quinquennial or decennial anniversaries.

On 30 May 1990, the first modern multi-party Croatian Parliament convened, following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election. This date was from 1990 to 2002 marked as the Statehood Day. The Government of Ivica Račan moved the Statehood Day to 25 June in 2002, and 30 May was marked as a memorial day (working) under the name Day of the Croatian Parliament. On 25 June, after the independence referendum held on 19 May 1991, Croatia proclaimed its independence, but due to the negotiation of the Brioni Agreement, a three-month moratorium was placed on the implementation of the decision and the Parliament cut all remaining ties with Yugoslavia on 8 October 1991. 8 October was a holiday, Independence Day from 2002 to 2019, when it was declared a memorial day (working).

Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia at the same time, and its Statehood Day coincided with the Croatian Statehood Day, on 25 June.[citation needed]

On 14 November 2019, the Croatian Parliament adopted a new law on holidays, and moved Statehood Day back to 30 May. Previous date, 25 June, became a working memorial day under the name Independence Day.[citation needed]

30th May (’22): Memorial Day [USA]

Memorial Day (originally known as Decoration Day) is a federal holiday in the United States for mourning the U.S. military personnel who have died while serving in the United States armed forces. It is observed on the last Monday of May. It was formerly observed on May 30 from 1868 to 1970.

Many people visit cemeteries and memorials on Memorial Day to honor and mourn those who died while serving in the U.S. military. Many volunteers place an American flag on graves of military personnel in national cemeteries. Memorial Day is also considered the unofficial beginning of summer in the United States.

Many cities and people have claimed to have first celebrated the event. By 1890, every Northern state had adopted it as a holiday. The World Wars turned it into a generalized day of remembrance instead of just for the Civil War. In 1971, Congress standardized the holiday as “Memorial Day” and changed its observance to the last Monday in May.

Two other days celebrate those who have served or are serving in the U.S. military: Armed Forces Day (which is earlier in May), an unofficial U.S. holiday for honoring those currently serving in the armed forces, and Veterans Day (on November 11), which honors those who have served in the United States Armed Forces.

Rafael Nadal Wins the Australia Open with one of the greatest comebacks in tennis history

Rafa Nadal triumphs at the Australian Open 2022 in Melbourne, setting the all-time record for tennis Grand Slam tournaments. The Spanish champion has in fact reached 21, one more than Roger Federer and Novak Djokovic. Nadal, who defeated the blue Berrettini in the semifinals, in the final defeated the Russian Daniil Medvedev, world number 2, in five sets, after losing the first two. 2-6, 6-7, 6-4, 6-4 7-5 the final score. “I will carry this tournament forever in my heart: I lived three incredible weeks and today one of the most exciting days of my career”, Rafa’s hot comment after the victory, which came after a difficult period, during which he himself revealed of having feared until a month ago of having to stop playing tennis.

30th October 1938 – Orson Welles broadcasts a realistic adaptation of ‘War of the Worlds’ on the air, causing panic across the United States

Memorable remains the transmission that aired on October 30, 1938, during which the 23-year-old Welles interpreted a radio adaptation written by Howard E. Koch of The War of the Worlds, a science fiction novel by H. G. Wells; the program caused panic in much of the United States, as many radio listeners believed that Earth was indeed being invaded by a warlike Martian fleet.

Welles knew that CBS was broadcasting on frequencies to those of the most followed NBC, where at the same time they broadcast the popular broadcasts of comedian and ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and his puppet Charlie McCarthy, but he also knew that Bergen, in a moment very precise about his transmission, he always broadcast a musical break during which the audience tended to change station: it was at that moment that Welles decided to land his Martians far away. The choice proved effective as the United States plunged into chaos. According to the testimony of many collaborators, including personal assistant Alland, CBS executive Davison Taylor swooped into the recording room after 15 minutes and exclaimed to Welles, “By God, stop this like this! People out there are. gone mad!”. Shortly after Welles replied to the CBS General Paley (down in slippers and I confess), who told him about the transmission: “Stop? Why? They must be afraid, let me continue to have!”, Only to declare the opposite in all subsequent interviews. To be sure, Welles thought the adaptation boring, and not bought wanted to propose it, but it was in use in the absence of other interesting material available.

Believing that the events described in the broadcast to be authentic, the listeners of the program panicked, not realizing that it was actually a simple radio show. The story narrated in the novel was interpreted by Welles as a real commentary, with the sole intent of public engaging for the. The adaptation of the novel in fact simulated a special news program, which at times was inserted above the other programs of the schedule, to provide updates on the landing of Martian spaceships in Grovers Mill (New Jersey). The result was all too realistic and went beyond the author’s expectations. The story turned into a huge advertising return for Welles, so much so that the RKO came forward offering him a contract for the making of three films in Hollywood.