12th october: Colombus Day

Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus‘s arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492 (Julian Calendar; it would have been October 21, 1492 on the Gregorian Proleptic Calendar, which extends the Gregorian Calendar to dates prior to its adoption in 1582). Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer on behalf of Spain, who set sail across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a faster route to the Far East only to land at the New World. His first voyage to the New World on the Spanish ships Santa María, Niña, and La Pinta took approximately three months. Columbus and his crew’s arrival to the New World initiated the Columbian Exchange which introduced the transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, and technology between the New World and the Old World.

The landing is celebrated as Columbus Day in the United States but the name varies on the international spectrum. In some Latin American countries, October 12 is known as Día de la Raza or (Day of the Race). This is the case for Mexico, which inspired Jose Vasconcelos’s book celebrating the Day of the Iberoamerican Race. Some countries such as Spain refer the holiday as Día de la Hispanidad and Fiesta Nacional de España where it is also the religious festivity of la Virgen del Pilar. Since 2009, Peru has celebrated Día de los pueblos originarios y el diálogo intercultural (Indigenous Peoples and Intercultural Dialogue Day) Belize and Uruguay celebrate it as Día de las Américas (Day of the Americas). Giornata Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo or Festa Nazionale di Cristoforo Colombo is the formal name of Italy‘s celebration as well as in Little Italys around the world.

10th october: World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day (10 October) is an international day for global mental health education, awareness and advocacy against social stigma. It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with members and contacts in more than 150 countries. This day, each October, thousands of supporters come to celebrate this annual awareness program to bring attention to mental illness and its major effects on peoples’ lives worldwide. In some countries this day is part of an awareness week, such as Mental Health Week in Australia.

World Mental Health Day was celebrated for the first time on October 10, 1992 at the initiative of Deputy Secretary General Richard Hunter. Up until 1994, the day had no specific theme other than general promoting mental health advocacy and educating the public.

In 1994 World Mental Health Day was celebrated with a theme for the first time at the suggestion of then Secretary General Eugene Brody. The theme was “Improving the Quality of Mental Health Services throughout the World.”

World Mental Health Day is supported by WHO through raising awareness on mental health issues using its strong relationships with the Ministries of health and civil society organizations across the globe. WHO also supports with developing technical and communication material.

10th october: World Coalition Against the Death Penalty

The World Coalition Against the Death Penalty is an alliance of NGOs, bar associations, local bodies and unions whose aim is to strengthen the international anti-death penalty movement. The World Coalition lobbies international organisations and States, organises international events and facilitates the creation and development of national and regional coalitions against the death penalty.

It was created in Rome on 13 May 2002 and has established 10 October as the date of the annual World Day Against the Death Penalty in 2003.

Ahead of the 2008 Summer Olympics the World Coalition handed over a petition to Beijing’s liaison office in Hong Kong. The petition was signed by 256,000 people of 23 countries and called on Chinese President Hu Jintao to grant a moratorium on executions.

1th October: International Day of Older Persons

The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year.

On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons as recorded in Resolution 45/106.[1] The holiday was observed for the first time on October 1, 1991.[2]

The holiday is celebrated by raising awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse. It is also a day to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.

This holiday is similar to National Grandparents Day in the United States and Canada as well as Double Ninth Festival in China and Respect for the Aged Day in Japan. The observance is a focus of ageing organizations and the United Nations Programme on Ageing.

The celebration of International Day of Older Persons is done to create awareness and empathy regarding the well being of the elderly. People usually celebrate the day by spending time with their grandparents, visiting old age homes and N.G.O’s and cooking or baking for them. Some kids also give greeting cards to their elderly on this day.

🎵 Miley Cyrus – Midnight Sky

This song is fantastic: it has a great sound of 80s. It is one of the songs of the moment, although in Italy it is not among the top hits

LYRIC

La-la, la-la, la

Yeah, it’s been a long night and the mirror’s telling me to go home (Home)
But it’s been a long time since I felt this good on my own
Lotta years went by with my hands tied up in your ropes
Forever, and ever, no more (No more)

The midnight sky’s, the road I’m taking
Head high up in the clouds (Oh-whoa)

I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you (By you)
Fire in my lungs, can’t bite the devil on my tongue, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you
See my lips, on her mouth, everybody’s talking now, baby
Ooh, you know it’s true, yeah
That I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you (Loved by you)

La-la, la-la, la

She got her hair pulled back ’cause the sweat’s dripping off of her face (Her face)
Said it ain’t so bad if I wanna make a couple mistakes
You should know right now that I never stay put in one place
Forever and ever, no more (No more)

The midnight sky’s, the road I’m taking
Head high up in the clouds (Oh-whoa)

I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you (By you)
Fire in my lungs, can’t bite the devil on my tongue, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you
See my lips, on her mouth, everybody’s talking now, baby
Ooh, you know it’s true, yeah
That I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you (By you)

Oh

I don’t hide, blurry eyes like you
Like you

I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you (By you)
Fire in my lungs, can’t bite the devil on my tongue, you know
I don’t need to be loved by you
See his hands ’round my waist, thought you never be replaced, baby
Ooh, you know it’s true, yeah
That I was born to run, I don’t belong to anyone, oh, no
I don’t need to be loved by you
Yea

La-la, la-la, la
La-la

You know it’s true
You know it’s true
(Loved by you)

PHOTO of Lupara [CB] – Italy

When I came to this village, many people greeted me as if they had arrived in a small host village. The road that passes through this town is unique: it enters and exits the main square, almost as if one entered the residential heart even for a moment.

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Lupara is an Italian town of about 450 inhabitants in the province of Campobasso, in Molise. It stands on a hill that slopes to the left of the Biferno river, at 505 M a.s.l.

At the beginning of the year 1000 the town was called Luparia. The most obvious interpretation of this denomination traces the name to the strong presence of wolves in the countryside. Another hypothesis traces the etymology to the name of a herb (called “luparia”), and finally a third hypothesis traces the name to “Lup-erc-aria”, from the pagan rite in honor of the god Luperco.

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Church of Santa Maria Assunta
Located in Via del Tempio (which certainly takes its name from the presence of ancient religious settlements prior to the current structure), in the upper part of the town together with the remains of the ancient castle. Of uncertain dating, we know that its consecration took place on May 20, 1694 thanks to a plaque placed at the entrance of the building. Thanks to documents we know that the church had a single nave until 1734, the year in which the two aisles were added, completed in 1853. It is accessed via a double staircase that ends with a balustrade. The structure is completely built in stone and has three portals on the facade, corresponding to the three naves.

– – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – –

 

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Church of San Nicola

Renovated after the 2002 earthquake, the church is located in the main square of the town. It has now become a chapel even though it was once the first church in the country. It is the seat of the Congrega del SS. Rosary. Masciotta, in his writings, believes that it even precedes the mother church, having undergone numerous changes over the course of history.

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📸 PHOTOS of Castelbottaccio (CB) [Molise] – Italy

Castelbottaccio stands on a hill to the hydrographic left of the Biferno river, the most important in the province. From its highest point, Colle Iannone (717 meters above sea level), it is possible to see the surrounding landscape as far as the Abruzzo region and the sea and, on clear days, the Tremiti islands (about 90 km away). Among the countryside it is easy to find farms and huts, a clear reference to the peasant soul of the country. Furthermore, a few km away there is the Celano-Foggia route(sheep track), which joins the summer pastures in Abruzzo to the winter ones in Puglia

Victory Square
Initially known as the town hall square, it was so named in 1965, it is the social center of the town. Adjacent to the church of San Rocco. In the center of the square there is a fountain that portrays the symbol of the town, a barrel surmounted by the walls of the ‘civitas’. Over the years, work has been carried out to modify the original shape of the square, which now looks like in the photo.

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Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie
It is the most important church in the town, a few steps from the baronial palace. The church belongs to the 10th century and has three naves. Despite its Norman origins, currently, after a series of important restorations, the whole body is of Baroque matrix. Along the two side aisles there are small cells where we find several statues. At the end of the left aisle there is an imposing wrought iron gate. There is an imposing square bell tower, where 4 bells are housed. The church preserves the three important statues of Saint Lucia (year 1841 – wooden sculpture by Crescenzo Ranallo di Oratino), of the Virgin of Grace (year 1694 – wooden sculpture by Giacomo Colombo) and of Saint Joseph (year 1780 – wooden sculpture by Silverio Giovannitti by Oratino).

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📸 PHOTOS of Limosano (CB) [Molise] – Italy

Limosano is the main town in Molise used as the set of the 2013 film with Checco Zalone. In the story Checco takes his son Nicolò on vacation to his aunt in Limosano because he doesn’t have enough money for a luxurious trip. But staying with the stingy aunt turns out to be torture. In the film you can see the town from the provincial road, and its very distinct historic center with the church of Santa Maria Maggiore at the top, and on the right the facade of San Francesco, while Checco and his son climb the stairs to visit their uncle .

The release of the film sparked some controversy in Molise for the stereotypical way in which they were seen by Zalone in the story, such as the total absence of children in the country.

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The oldest nucleus stands on the central part of the tufaceous hill of the historic center, while the more recent late Renaissance one developed at the foot of the Ducal Palace. Limosano has medieval origins, built around a castle founded by the Lombards, when it was part of the Gastaldato di Bojano, which later became the County of Molise in the 13th century.

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Parish Church of Santa Maria Maggiore
The church dates back to the 11th century, restored in the 15th century after an earthquake, and again heavily modified in the 18th century. The underground crypt remains original; the façade is very simple, characterized by a portal surmounted by a rectangular window. The portal has an architrave with Latin writing and the date of restoration of the church, in 1755; the plan of the building is rectangular with a single nave, laterally composed of a series of chapels bordered by round arches. The span near the entrance is formed by a gallery that preserves the wooden organ.
The presbytery which is located in an elevated position with respect to the area of ​​the faithful, preserves an altar in worked marble; on the right side there are access doors to the bell tower and the sacristy. On the opposite side there is a room that leads to an orthogonal chapel, characterized by Renaissance frescoes; this chapel is dedicated to the Rosary, seat of the homonymous Confraternity.

The bell tower of the church is on the right, with a rectangular turreted plan. One of its walls has an ogival semi-arch attesting to its medieval origin, remodeled in the eighteenth century. There are engraved allegorical symbols of the Sun and the Lamb. Below the level of the church there are rooms: one has a barrel roof and is positioned under the terrace in front of the facade; another is placed under the church, preserving the lockable floor, where some bishops are buried with the original medieval tombstones.

28th july: European Forest Fire Awareness Day

The Curraggia fire (1983)
The Curraggia fire (1983)

The Curraggia fire was a catastrophe that occurred on July 28, 1983 on the hill of the same name located southwest of the city of Tempio Pausania (Sardinia) and in the neighboring municipalities of Aggius and Bortigiadas.

The huge fire caused 9 deaths and 15 injuries among people trying to put it out. Among the various hypotheses on the causes that triggered the flames, the work of the arsonists is a certainty. The causes were the high summer temperatures of those days and the wind that blew impetuously.

The flames started from the sea, made their way through roads, woods and shrubs in the direction of Tempio Pausania up to the countryside of Bortigiadas and Aggius and then spread on the Curraggia hill, for a total of over 18,000 thousand hectares of land smoke.

On 28 July 2007, the anniversary of the tragedy, the date of the fire was declared European day of awareness against forest fires, by the European regions partners of the Interreg III C OCR Incendi Project, in memory of all the victims who fell in the fight against fire.

The precipice of dreams

dream-reality

The world always needs children to live dreams and, however utopian they may be, parents are forced to hide the hard truth of the precipice from them. When you are a child, the time horizon in front of your eyes makes you believe that everything is possible .. even flying from a precinct ..

Often dreams are accompanied by madness, or by the desire to reach them …